Title 39. Public Finance

Subtitle III. General Laws on State Debt

Chapter 17. Louisiana Procurement Code

Part III. Source Selection and Contract Formation

Subpart A. Methods of Source Selection


39:1594      Competitive sealed bids


A. Conditions for use.Contracts exceeding the amount provided by R.S. 39:1596 shall be awarded by competitive sealed bidding unless otherwise provided in this Chapter. 


B. Invitation for bids.Competitive sealed bidding shall be initiated by the issuance of an invitation for bids containing a description of the supplies, services, or major repairs to be procured and all contractual terms and conditions applicable to the procurement. 


C. Public notice. 


(1) Adequate public notice of the invitation for bids shall be given at least ten days prior to the date set forth therein for the opening of bids on all matters except those made for housing of state agencies, their personnel, operations, equipment, or activities pursuant to R.S. 39:1643, for which such notice shall be given at least twenty days prior to the opening of bids. Notice shall be in writing and to persons in a position to furnish the supplies, services, or major repairs required, as shown by its records, and by advertising if the amount of the purchase is twenty-five thousand dollars or more. 


(2) The advertisements or written notices shall contain general descriptions of the supplies, services, or major repairs for which bids are wanted and shall state all of the following: 


(a) The names and locations of the departments or institutions for which the purchases are to be made. 


(b) Where and how specifications and quotation forms may be obtained. 


(c) The date and time not later than which bids must be received and will be opened. 


(3) Each advertisement shall be published in the official journal of the state. In the case of any purchase to meet the needs of a single budget unit the advertisement shall be published also in a newspaper of general circulation printed in the parish in which the budget unit is situated or, if there is no newspaper printed in the parish, in a newspaper printed in the nearest parish, which has a general circulation in the parish in which the budget unit is situated. 


(4) Evidence of agency, corporate, or partnership authority shall be required for submission of a bid to the division of administration or purchasing agencies of the state of Louisiana. The authority of the signature of the person submitting the bid shall be deemed sufficient and acceptable if any of the following conditions is met: 


(a) The signature on the bid is that of any corporate officer listed on the most current annual report on file with the secretary of state, or the signature on the bid is that of any member of a partnership or partnership in commendam listed in the most current partnership records on file with the secretary of state. 


(b) The signature on the bid is that of an authorized representative of the corporation, partnership, or other legal entity and the bidder submits or provides upon request a corporate resolution, certification as to the corporate principal, or other documents indicating authority which are acceptable to the public entity, including registration on an electronic Internet database maintained by the public entity. 


(c) The corporation, partnership, or other legal entity has filed in the appropriate records of the secretary of state in which the public entity is located, an affidavit, resolution, or other acknowledged or authentic document indicating the names of all parties authorized to submit bids for public contracts. Such document on file with the secretary of state shall remain in effect and shall be binding upon the principal until specifically rescinded and canceled from the records of the respective offices. 


(5) All bids shall be advertised by a using agency through a centralized electronic interactive environment administered by the division of administration and on the electronic website accepting the electronic bids as provided in this Section. The advertisement or written notice required by this Section shall contain the name and address of the using agency and shall establish the specific date, time, and place by which the bids must be received. 


D. Bid submission. 


(1) Bids shall be submitted in writing in accordance with the requirements set forth in the invitation for bids or electronically through a uniform and secure electronic interactive environment. 


(2) Public entities shall provide, as an additional bidding option, a uniform and secure electronic interactive system for the submission of competitive sealed bids as provided for in this Section. Any public entity providing a secure electronic interactive system shall follow the standards for the receipt of electronic bids adopted by the office of the governor, division of administration, and the office of information technology as provided for in LAC 4:XV.701. Any special condition or requirement for the submission shall be specified in the advertisement for bids required by this Section. 


(3) The requirements of Paragraph (2) of this Subsection shall not apply to the following public entities: 


(a) Public entities that are currently without high-speed Internet access, until high-speed Internet access becomes available. 


(b) Any parish with a police jury form of government and a population of less than twenty thousand. 


(c) Any city or municipality with a population of less than ten thousand. 


(d) Any public entity that is unable to comply with the electronic bidding provisions of this Subsection without securing and expending additional funding. 


E. Bid opening. Bids shall be opened publicly in the presence of one or more witnesses at the time and place designated in the invitation for bids. Each bid, together with the name of the bidder, shall be recorded and open to public inspection. 


F. Bid evaluation. 


(1) Bids shall be evaluated based on the requirements set forth in the invitation for bids, which may include criteria to determine acceptability such as inspection, testing, quality, workmanship, delivery, and suitability for a particular purpose, and criteria affecting price such as life cycle or total ownership costs. The invitation for bids shall set forth the evaluation criteria to be used. No criteria shall be used in bid evaluation that are not set forth in the invitation for bids. 


(2) For bids made for housing of state agencies, their personnel, operations, equipment, or activities pursuant to R.S. 39:1643, the criteria for evaluation shall be included in the invitation for bids and shall include, at a minimum, the following: 


(a) Location of the proposed space. 


(b) Condition of the proposed space. 


(c) Suitability of the proposed space for the advertiser’s needs. 


(d) Timeliness of availability of the proposed space. 


G. Correction or withdrawal of bids. Patent errors in bids or errors in bids supported by clear and convincing evidence may be corrected, or bids may be withdrawn, if such correction or withdrawal does not prejudice other bidders, and such actions may be taken only to the extent permitted under regulations. 


H. Award. The contract shall be awarded with reasonable promptness by written notice to the lowest responsive and responsible bidder whose bid meets the requirements and criteria set forth in the invitation for bids. Award shall be made by unconditional acceptance of a bid without alteration or correction except as authorized in this Chapter. 


I. Resident business preference. In state contracts awarded by competitive sealed bidding, resident businesses shall be preferred to nonresident businesses where there is a tie bid and where there will be no sacrifice or loss in quality. 


J. Exemption. 


(1) Purchases of goods manufactured by or services performed by individuals with disabilities through supported employment providers as defined in R.S. 39:1604.4 shall be exempt from the provisions of this Section. This exemption shall also apply to goods and services procured directly from a central nonprofit agency contracting under R.S. 39:1604.4 to assist supported employment providers. 


(2) Purchases of raw materials and supplies used in the manufacturing process by the Department of Public Safety and Corrections, division of prison enterprises, with the approval of the state chief procurement officer, shall be exempt from the provisions of this Section and shall be procured through the use of written bids. 


Acts 2014, No. 864, § 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2015. Amended by Acts 2016, No. 420, § 1; Acts 2019, No. 312, § 3, eff. July 1, 2019.